A container specifically designed to carry dry cargo without the need for intermediate packaging. Foodstuffs such as wheat or rice, chemicals or coal are typical cargoes. For sensitive material and liquids, an inner liner is regularly used between the cargo and the container wall.
Stands for Cargo Carrying Unit. This phrase is used in the offshore O&G industry to refer to containers used to carry goods to and from offshore platforms, rigs or drill ships. CCU’s have a wide array of shapes and sizes and Almar supplies CCU’s which are certified to DNV2.7-1 standards.
A generator (see Genset) that fits externally on the front wall of a refrigerated container allowing the container to be operated while in transit, or in remote areas which do not have the required 3 phase power infrastructure.
A Flat Rack with end frames that are hinged such that they can be folded down for empty shipment. When the ends are folded, 3-9 units (depending upon design) can be stacked into the same cube as one unit with fixed ends. The end frames can either flush folding, or they can fold onto the deck.
The steel fitting which is located on all eight corners of the container, which allows a container to be lifted or secured for inter-modal transport.
The Container Safety Convention is the more common name for referring to the International Convention for Safe Containers (1972). These regulations are mandated by the United Nations and stipulate container sizes, capacities, markings, minimum standards of safety and quality and testing. CSC regulations are continuously updated to ensure that they are current with the international transport standards.
A plate fixed to the outside of one of the rear doors on which statutory information about the container is recorded.
A container with a standard floor, roof and ends of a Dry Cargo unit but with side access. Access is through a removable tarpaulin which covers a steel framework. Timber slats are often fitted which help restrain cargo movement. It is common to be able to load cargo through either side.
A container with the floor, roof and ends of a General Purpose container but with side access. Access to the container is through a removable tarpaulin which covers the sides of the container.
Det Norske Veritas is an organisation which offers international services related to risk mitigation. It is an independent foundation with the objective of safeguarding life, property and the environment. One of its many service offerings is providing specifications for the design, construction and inspection of CCU’s for use in the offshore O&G industry.
Is an internationally recognised standard developed by DNV for the purpose of certifying CCU’s in terms of design, materials, production, marking and periodic testing and inspection. Almar supplies CCU’s which are certified in accordance with DNV2.7-1.
Is an internationally recognised standard, developed by the European Committee for Standardization, for the purpose of certifying CCU’s in terms of design, testing and production. It was one of the initial sources taken into consideration for the development of DNV2.7-1.
Forty feet Equivalent Unit (see also TEU). This term is used to quantify the number of containers equivalent to a 40ft container. For example a train may have a 60 FEU capacity which means that it has 60 x 40ft container carrying decks.
A container which comprises of only the floor and the corner posts or frames. The frames may be either Fixed or Folding. The end frames can be either solid, with panels filling the end frames, or open to allow for over length cargo to be carried. Flat racks are used to carry Out of Guage (OOG) cargo which does not fit into a conventional container.
A Flat Rack with folding end frames that secure flush within a recess in the cargo deck of the container. These flat racks allow for the most efficient transportation when folded and up to 9 units can be transported in the same cube as a 20ft or 40ft equivalent unit.
The standard shipping container used for general cargo. It is most regularly found in 6m and 12m lengths and in its basic form, has a single pair of doors to one end. It is made of steel with a marine ply or solid timber floor.
A removable generator that is specifically designed to provide electrical power for refrigerated containers. Gensets come in a two main types Clip On and Underslung.
A container either 4' or 4'3" high. These containers are generally Open Tops and are regularly used to transport bulk minerals as well as being used in the offshore O&G industry, in which instance they are certified in accordance with either the EN12079 or DNV2.7-1 certification standard.
The term used for multiple modes of transport including rail, road, sea. Intermodal containers allow for transport across different modes of transport without the cargo needing to be handled, only the container itself.
Stands for International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code and is the internationally accepted guideline for the safe transport of dangerous goods. Goods are classified into certain classes dependent on various factors, which in turn guide the transport requirements for each class.
Is the acronym for International Standards Organisation. The ISO sets the basic standards to which containers need to be built.
See also Curtain Side. Some open side units are not fitted with tarpaulins but are rather fitted with container doors along the long side of the container.
An abbreviation for Refrigerated Container. Reefers are used for the transportation or storage of temperature sensitive cargo. They are capable of holding temperatures within a range of -25c to +25c and are powered by either generators (see Gensets) of 3 Phase power.
A container designed for the carriage of liquid or dry cargo in bulk. Milk, fruit juice, petroleum products and chemicals are typical cargoes. Tank containers can also be refrigerated or heated depending upon the requirements of the product.
Twenty feet Equivalent Unit. The term used for quantifying containers. It is particularly used where different size lengths are involved. One 40ft container equals 2 TEU. Container ship sizes are generally defined in TEU.
A device for securing containers to lifting equipment or trailers by engaging a rotating pin into one side of a container's Corner Casting.